Forescout Research –
Vedere Labs

Original Cyber Vulnerability Research

Forescout Vedere Labs presents its findings about the riskiest devices in enterprise network for 2023, including seven device types that are new to the list this year: VPN gateways and security appliances in IT; NAS and OOBM in IoT; engineering workstations and RTUs in OT; and blood glucose monitors in IoMT.


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Latest Research Reports

Exposing the Exploited: A quantitative analysis of vulnerabilities under the radar

The speed of accurate security vulnerability information matters. Vulnerabilities are being discovered and weaponized in the wild faster than ever before. Unfortunately, authoritative naming catalogs can’t keep up. Our latest research analyzes the landscape of exploited vulnerabilities — and reinforces the need for more sources of threat intelligence.

Sierra:21 - Attack Surface Expansion in OT/IoT Routers

Forescout’s Vedere Labs has identified 21 new vulnerabilities that affect OT/IoT routers and increase the risk exposure to critical infrastructure. The affected products are prevalent in multiple industries, particularly healthcare and manufacturing, but also technology, financial services, government, and power generation. The research details specific attack scenarios as well as potential mitigation techniques.

OT Icefall Conclusion

OT:ICEFALL Conclusion Report

Forescout Vedere Labs has discovered a set of 61 vulnerabilities affecting devices from 13 operational technology (OT) vendors caused by insecure-by-design practices in OT. The affected products are known to be prevalent in industries such as oil and gas, chemical, nuclear, power generation and distribution, manufacturing, water treatment and distribution, mining, and building automation.

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BGP Report

Analyzing the Security of BGP Message Parsing

This report discusses an often-overlooked aspect of Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) security: vulnerabilities in its software implementations. More specifically, vulnerabilities in BGP message parsing that could be exploited by attackers to achieve a denial of service (DoS) condition on vulnerable BGP peers.

Deep Lateral Movement

Deep Lateral Movement in OT Networks

Forescout’s Vedere Labs presents the first systematic study into deep lateral movement: how advanced adversaries can move laterally among devices at the controller level of OT networks. This tactic allows advanced threat actors to gain deep access to industrial control systems and cross often overlooked security perimeters to perform granular, stealthy manipulations to override functional and safety limitations of controllers.

OT:ICEFALL - A Decade of Insecure-by-Design Practices in OT

Forescout’s Vedere Labs has discovered a total of 59 vulnerabilities affecting devices from 12 operational technology (OT) vendors caused by insecure-by-design practices in OT. The affected products are known to be prevalent in industries such as oil and gas, chemical, nuclear, power generation and distribution, manufacturing, water treatment and distribution, mining, and building automation.

Access:7 - How Supply Chain Vulnerabilities Can Allow Unwelcomed Access to Medical and IoT Devices

Forescout’s Vedere Labs and CyberMDX discovered seven supply chain vulnerabilities, including three that are rated critical by CISA, impacting medical and IoT devices that present an immediate risk to healthcare organizations, as well as the financial services and manufacturing sector.

Dissecting the Nucleus TCP/IP Stack

NUCLEUS:13 - Dissecting the Nucleus TCP/IP Stack

Vedere Labs, with support from Medigate Labs, have discovered a set of 13 new vulnerabilities affecting the Nucleus TCP/IP stack, which we are collectively calling NUCLEUS:13. These vulnerabilities allow for remote code execution, denial of service, and information leak. Nucleus has been in use for nearly 30 years in safety-critical devices, such as anesthesia machines, patient monitors, and others in healthcare.

INFRA:HALT - Jointly discovering and mitigating large-scale OT vulnerabilities

Vedere Labs and JFrog Security Research discover 14 new vulnerabilities affecting closed source TCP/IP stack NicheStack, allowing for Denial of Service or Remote Code Execution primarily affecting operational technology (OT) and industrial control system (ICS) devices.

NAME:WRECK – 9 DNS Vulnerabilities

Vedere Labs, partnering with JSOF Research, disclosed NAME:WRECK, a set of nine Domain Name System (DNS) vulnerabilities that impact four TCP/IP stacks and affect 100+ million IoT devices with the potential to cause either Denial of Service (DoS) or Remote Code Execution, allowing attackers to take targeted devices offline or to gain control over them. Read the report to learn how to protect enterprise IT, IoT and OT devices.

NUMBER:JACK – Weak ISN Generation in Embedded TCP/IP Stacks

In the second study of Project Memoria, Vedere Labs discovers NUMBER:JACK, a set of vulnerabilities related to ISN generation that can be used to hijack or spoof TCP connections.

AMNESIA:33 – 33 Memory-Corruption Vulnerabilities

Vedere Labs discovered 33 new memory-corruption vulnerabilities that impact open source TCP/IP stacks – four scoring as critical. The report details how enterprises can identify these risks and take protective action to avoid breaches.

New Research Identifies Security Risks in Healthcare

Analysis of healthcare delivery organizations reveals insights into increased attack surfaces and security risks.

Rise of the Machines – Transforming Cybersecurity Strategy for the Age of IoT

This research paper dives into the Internet of Things (IoT) revolution, the risks and challenges it brings and how to transform your cybersecurity strategy to protect your enterprise network in the age of IoT.

BAS Research Report: The Current State of Smart Building Cybersecurity

The Forescout OT Research Team offers an analysis of its vulnerability and malware research for devices commonly used in building automation system (BAS) networks.

Dell Wyse Thin Client Vulnerability

covers two vulnerabilities discovered by Vedere Labs (formerly CyberMDX) and published by Dell on the 21st of December 2020 as CVE-2020-29491 and CVE-2020-29492. The vulnerabilities affect Dell Wyse Thin client devices and once exploited allow attackers to, among other things, remotely run malicious code and access arbitrary files on affected devices.

GE Radiology Vulnerability

MDhex-Ray is a vulnerability discovered by Vedere Labs (formerly CyberMDX) and published by CISA on the 8th of December 2020 as CVE-2020-25179. MDhex-Ray affects a long list of CT, X-Ray, and MRI imaging systems manufactured by GE Healthcare. Successfully exploiting the vulnerability may expose sensitive data – such as PHI – or could allow the attacker to run arbitrary code, which might impact the availability of the system and allow manipulation of PHI.

Ripple20 Vulnerability

Vedere Labs Team (formerly CyberMDX) Assisted JSOF Research Team In Disclosing 19 Vulnerabilities Found In the Treck Network Stack.

MDhex Vulnerability

Affecting a range of CARESCAPE patient monitoring devices manufactured by GE Healthcare, the bundle of vulnerabilities collectively disclosed in CISA Advisory ICSMA-20-023-01, first came to the attention of CyberMDX, a Forescout Company security researchers through an investigation into the CIC Pro device.

GE Anesthesia and Respiratory Device Vulnerability

Vedere Labs’ (formerly CyberMDX) research team discovered a vulnerability related to the GE Aestiva and GE Aespire devices (models 7100 and 7900). If an attacker gains access to a hospital’s network and if the GE Aestiva or GE Aespire devices are connected via terminal servers, the attacker can force the device(s) to revert to an earlier, less secure version of the communication protocol and remotely modify parameters without authorization. When deployed using terminal servers, these manipulations can also be performed without any prior knowledge of IP addresses or location of the anesthesia machine.

BD Alaris AGW Firmware Vulnerability

A previously undocumented vulnerability in the device, noting that the AlarisTM Gateway workstation supports a firmware upgrade that can be executed without any predicate authentication or permissions. Conducting a counterfeit version of this upgrade can allow bad actors a route to “authenticate” malicious content.

BD Alaris AGW Web Management Vulnerability

a previously undocumented vulnerability in the device, noting that the web management system doesn’t require credentials and doesn’t allow for password protection. As a result, anyone knowing the IP address of a targeted workstation can: monitor pump statuses, access event logs, and user guide; change the gateway’s network configuration; restart the gateway (after changing the configuration you are permitted to restart).

BD Alaris TIVA Syringe Pump Vulnerability

Vedere Labs (formerly CyberMDX) discovered a previously undocumented vulnerability in the device, noting that when the syringe is connected to a network, it is left exposed to remote control from anyone on that network, requiring no authentication. The remote control allows starting/stopping of the pump, changing its rate, silencing alarms, and more.

Qualcomm Life Capsule Datacaptor Terminal Server Vulnerability

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